The Northeast culture has its own characteristics inherited from the interaction of the culture of the Portuguese colonists, blacks and Indians.
It is important to highlight that culture represents a complex web. It includes knowledge, customs, arts, beliefs, religious cults, popular literature, dances and habits of a particular group.
The culture of Northeastern Brazil (comprising the states of Maranhão, Piaui, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia) has developed its own habits in relation to the world and cultural manifestations. These habits were passed down from generation to generation.
Northeast Cultural Manifestations
The most outstanding cultural events in the northeast region of Brazil are: June festivals, Reisado, folk poetry, handicrafts, capoeira, frevo, cuisine and Afro-Brazilian religions.
The June festivals, the main festivals representing Northeast culture, are celebrated in June.
They are celebrated with typical dances such as the gang and forró, flags, balloons and fireworks. The June festivals pay tribute to the following Catholic saints: St. Anthony (6/13), St. John (6/24) and St. Peter (6/29).
Corn and coconut foods are typical of the season. Among them the hominy, the mush, the corn cake and the stew made with manioc pasta, the roasted corn, the boiled corn, the hot corn etc.
The city of Caruaru, state of Pernambuco, is considered the capital of forró. The city of Campina Grande, Paraíba, is known for holding the largest St. John in the world.
The Reisado is a catholic festival that celebrates the visit of the Magi to the baby Jesus .This festival is part of the culture of the northeast, being celebrated in some states, including Alagoas and Piaui.
The Reisado or Folia dos Reis gathers a group of revelers dressed in typical clothes decorated with ribbons and mirrors. They visit the homes of hospitable people, dancing and singing the typical songs of the party.
Literature of twine
Popular poetry is represented by cordel literature, recited or published in leaflets. This kind of poetry relates the customs and beliefs of the people, in which the characters can be real or fictional.
The repentistas are the singers who spread the popular poetry of Northeastern culture.
The handicraft of the Northeast Region is quite diverse. The region produces decorative works and utilities made of ceramics, wood, shells, lace, among other materials.
The art of lace was brought by the Portuguese, where the woman lace is a typical character of the Northeast culture.
Capoeira, originally from Africa, brought by slaves, is a rhythmic fight with acrobatics, played to the sound of berimbau, tambourine and clapping.
It is widespread in Bahia, a state with large numbers of African descendants.
Frevo is a typical dance of Pernambuco carnival. It has been declared an Intangible World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
This dance is characterized by the fast pace, where the performers perform acrobatic steps, carrying in one hand the typical colorful umbrella of the frevo.
Northeastern cuisine was developed under the influence of Portuguese, African and indigenous food.
The consumption of roots, the preparation of spicy and spicy foods, the foods of corn and coconut, couscous, mush and hominy are heritages that have been adapted in each state.
Examples of roots are: cassava, yam, sweet potato. As for well seasoned foods we can mention: acarajé, vatapá, shrimp bobó, fish moqueca, sururu.
Among the African cults brought by the slaves, and rooted in the culture of the Northeast, stand out Candomblé and Umbanda. Their rituals, hierarchies, and ceremonies revere their deities.