Prejudice is a concept associated with discrimination and the differences that exist in the world.
The prejudiced attribute a value judgment on certain aspects such as social class, culture, religion, ethnicity, skin color, sexual preference, among others.
There are various types of prejudice , for example with women (machismo, misogyny or sexism), men (misandria), Jews (anti-Semitism), the disabled, age, appearance (stereotypes), weight (gordophobia), among others.
Note that prejudice is a concept created and is often associated with labels or stereotypes that have developed in society.
In this sense, when we see a whole tattooed person we soon associate that this individual is drugged, or when a person is fat, we attribute appreciations such as: ” This individual only thinks about eating and does not take care of himself .”
Bullying and cyberbullying are types of prejudice that have been coined today to refer to physical and verbal torture against a person either real or virtual.
Misanthropy (or anthropophobia), the opposite of philanthropy , is a kind of prejudice determined by hatred of humanity or the human race.
It is noteworthy that all kinds of prejudice generate hostility and violence (physical or verbal), and are closely related to irrationality and ignorance, usually associated with an ideology.
There are several types of prejudice , the most common being:
- Racial Prejudice : It is associated with ethnicity, race and physical aspects, for example, racism . This can occur between people of different skin color aspects, being more common among whites and blacks. whence the former, because of historical aspects, feel superior to the others. Remember that racist practices are considered crimes in several countries of the world.
- Social Prejudice : Associated with social class and defined by the social status of certain individuals. They usually occur between two main groups: the rich and the poor, and the former feel superior to the others because they have more material goods and easier access.
- Cultural Prejudice : Associated with the cultural differences that exist, for example ethnocentrism and xenophobia . Ethnocentrism defines the attitudes of certain individuals who regard their habits and conduct as superior to those of other cultures. In turn, xenophobia determines the aversion to foreigners that usually arises from various historical, cultural and religious factors.
- Linguistic Prejudice : is associated with languages and also the way of speaking, from abbreviations, slang, dialects, accents, among others. In Brazil, we notice a lot of linguistic prejudice among the different regions of the country, since there are several accents. Thus, the Paulistas believe that their way of speaking is superior to that of the Northeast, for example.
- Religious Prejudice : It is associated with religion being developed by religious intolerance. It occurs when individuals do not accept religious diversity and attribute certain value judgments to other beliefs, often without foundation. Several conflicts currently developed in the Middle East demonstrate this kind of prejudice, which has claimed many lives.
- Sexual Prejudice : Associated with each individual’s sexual preferences, for example homophobia or heterophobia. Thus, the first is the prejudice developed about people who have homo-affective relationships, that is, between same-sex people. Heterophobia, on the other hand, is the prejudice of people who have hostility between heterosexual relations, that is, between people of the opposite sex.