Op Art, short for optical art is a style of abstractionism popular in the 1960s; produces dramatic visual effects with colours and contrasts that are difficult for the eye to resolve
What is Op Art
This is an artistic movement also called Optical Art . His works are based on optical illusions or optical illusion paintings, a visual resource that confuses human vision, making different shapes appear depending on the angle at which the image in question is viewed.
Op Art uses optical illusion art to create movement in artwork, with graphics and prints that vary as human eyes roam the figure.
The origin of the name Op Art comes from 1964, in a Time Magazine publication. Then there was the first official exhibit of the Op Art movement was in New York in 1965 at the MOMA, the Museum of Modern Art, and called The Responsive Eye.
This Art was based on the phrase “less expression and more visualization”, with the aim of expressing unlimited possibilities for transformations in the world.
Among its characteristics are the optical and visual effects that bring the viewer into the picture, composing the movement of the work with his eyes. There are also works in three dimensions, exploring the contrast between black and white, and geometric shapes. The artistic side follows references of abstract expressionism .
See also: characteristics of expressionism .
Top Op Art Artists
Hungarian-born painter Victor Vasarely would have been the forerunner of Op Art as early as the 1930s, although the movement’s heyday was in 1960. Some of his most prominent works are Zebra , 1938, and Vega-Nor. , 1969 (figure).
The English painter migrated from impressionism and pointillism to Op Art in the 1960s, conquered by the lines and geometric shapes and the disorienting effect created. In the figure, the 1961 Movement in Squares .
The main representative of Optical Art in Brazil was the painter Luiz Sacilotto , who was also responsible for disseminating concrete art in the country. Sacilotto was a painter and sculptor whose main works are Structuring with Equal Elements , 1953, and Concreção 7553, 1975 (figure).
See also: Pop Art