Concept and Meaning of Color Theory:

What is Color Theory:

Color Theory are the studies and experiments related to the association between light and the nature of colors, performed by Leonardo Da Vinci, Isaac Newton, Goethe, among others.

Leonardo Da Vinci, in his research and formulations portrayed in the book “Treatise on Painting and Landscape – Shadow and Light”, stated that color was a property of light and not of objects.

Later, the English physicist Isaac Newton, in his experiments studied the influence of sunlight on the formation of colors. Newton studied the phenomenon of diffraction, which consisted of the decomposition of sunlight into various colors when crossing a prism, and called the color set the spectrum.

The spectrum is formed by the union of the colors red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. The seven colors that make up the sunlight and make up the rainbow.


The color circle contains 12 different colors, which help to visualize the primary, secondary and tertiary colors that make up the visible spectrum.

White and black (conventionally referred to as color) are only the result of the presence or absence of light. The white color is pure light, in which there is a total reflection of the seven colors; Black color is total absence of light, because colors do not reflect, they are absorbed.

When sunlight strikes a white object, it reflects the sun’s rays while a black object absorbs all the sun’s rays.

Studies by the German writer Goethe have influenced the subjective perception of color and the relationship between color and psychology and physiology.


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