What is contemporary dance:
Contemporary dance is a type of dance that is not limited to a set of specific techniques, thus encompassing a variety of genres, rhythms, forms and performances. For this reason, it is considered an abstract dance and in constant transformation.
This type of dance developed in the mid-twentieth century (1950/1960), becoming popular in the 1980s. Its growing popularity is partly justified by the fact that this dance genre does not adhere to classical aesthetic standards.
Contemporary dance is characterized by its intense innovations and choreographic experiments , which often mix rhythms such as ballet , jazz and hip hop.
As stated, there are no predefined techniques, and the creative process of the concept or idea to be conveyed by choreography is the central point of contemporary dance.
Its non-limitation allows the dancer autonomy to construct his own choreographies through methods such as improvisation, contact with the floor or another scenic character and the use of interactive costumes, for example.
Creation within contemporary dance is a process that combines the methods of choreographic composition. From routine situations to controversial themes can serve as the basis for the conception of the concept of a choreography.
It also brings out the insertion of other artistic elements for dance, such as video, photography, the visual arts, and digital culture as a whole. These aspects allow a transformation of real to virtual movements and vice versa, changing the perception of what is meant as movement.
Another important part of the creative process in contemporary dance is the human body. Its physiology and anatomy gain importance for choreography, as it enables the dancer to have a better awareness of his movements.
Contemporary ballet is a genre or style of dance that incorporates modern dance and classical ballet elements.
Learn more about the meaning of dance.
Characteristics of contemporary dance
As seen, contemporary dance broke with patterns by evading the traditional “formatting” of classical genres. In this way, it consolidated itself as a unique and revolutionary artistic manifestation.
Its main features are:
- There are no predefined techniques;
- There are no limitations on movement, clothing or music;
- Appreciation of constant experimentation and innovation;
- Importance of the transmission of the concept, idea and feeling that the choreography proposes;
- Appreciation of individual choreographic creation;
- Appreciation of improvisations;
- Mixing of other artistic elements with dance (video, photography, visual and digital arts, etc.).
In Brazil, contemporary dance began in the mid-40s, through the couple Klauss and Angel Vianna.
Klauss (1928 – 1992) was a pioneer in the research and development of the somatic technique, created with the aim of providing the body awareness of its practitioners, working body and mind, and maintaining their health.
She uses techniques that extend her technical dance training. He was also the first dancer to use the term “body expression” in Brazil.
Famous contemporary dancers
Some famous contemporary dancers are William Forsythe, Paulo Henrique, Crystal Pite, Russell Dumas, and Trisha Brown.