What is Pointillism:
Pointillism or pointillism art is a technique of drawing and painting, where the artist uses small spots and dots to form the images .
The technique of pointillism emerged within the framework of Impressionism – an artistic movement that reached its peak in the late 19th century – developed by French painters Georges Seurat (1859 – 1891) and Paul Signac (1863 – 1935). Some scholars of art history regard Pointillism as a reaction to Impressionism, classifying it as a Post-Impressionist movement.
Learn more about Impressionism .
Also known as Divisionism, Chromoluminarianism, Neoimpressionism and Point Painting, it started from the principle of total disregard for the line , as a way of delimiting the nature portrayed. Artists using this technique gave greater importance to the “mathematical” use of colors arranged in the work in juxtaposition rather than through blending.
Unlike classical painting techniques, there is no mixing of primary colors to create new shades, nor the use of lines to form the traces of drawings.
Inspired by the scientific work of Michel Chevreul (1786 – 1889), entitled “From the Simultaneous Contrast Law of Colors” (1839), artists who used this technique believed in the formation of new shades in their works through the juxtaposed use of colors. different distances between each point and another, thus forming, from the viewer’s perspective, the impression that there is a complete and non-fragmented figure.
In Brazil, some of the artists who stood out for the use of the technique of pointillism in their work, especially during the period of the First Republic (1889 – 1930), include: Belmiro de Almeida (1858 – 1935), Eliseu Visconti (1866 – 1944) ), Rodolfo Chambelland (1879 – 1967), Guttmann Bicho (1888 – 1955) and Arthur Timoteo da Costa (1882 – 1922).
From the 1950s onwards, the Pop Art movement “rescued” the technique of pointillism, which has been applied in many works by Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein , mainly. The latter, however, applied a sub-technique called “Ben-day points”.
See also: meaning of Modern Art .
In the field of psychology, pointillism is interpreted as a type of perception of reality, where the individual only perceives a certain event as a part, without the relationship with the whole.
More broadly, pointillism can still mean the act of addressing a subject in a piecemeal fashion, by points or topics, without being globally.