What are Fine Arts:
Fine arts is the name given to the group consisting of architecture , sculpture , graphic arts and artistic crafts .
Fine arts are characterized, like other arts, both globally and individually, by the reciprocal effect of form and content. In the evolution of artistic styles there are special features of historical development. Each era, such as Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque or Renaissance, has distinctive regional (national) and individual styles, with their own evolution and linked to isolated artistic individualities, whose investigation is from the forum of art history.
The fact that the principle of harmony inherent in a work of art is not always linked to the current conception of beauty determined by classical ideals can already be seen in the art of prehistoric cultures: separation between surface and form, for example, in cave images. and ice age utensils. It is found both in the art of primitive peoples, which serves the purposes of magical worship, as in folk art, the works of art of western churches and courts, and the imaginary expression of children, the purpose of all branches of auxiliary arts education. the development of the unconscious impulse of creation.
The logic of the progression of the development of stylistic forms through the phases of youth, maturity, adulthood and advanced age, as well as the importance of the context of social, political and religious relations, are also determining factors of all arts and artistic works, whether they have for the purpose of serving, educating, criticizing or merely suggesting or portraying temporal relationships.
The Christian faith, and in particular the liturgical life, constituted until the beginning of the Baroque period the most important forces for the promotion of Western art. However, since the Renaissance, there has been a gradual separation of art from its hitherto predominantly religious purpose, while the interest in purely aesthetic works has been strengthened. The extreme consequence of this development was the emergence in the nineteenth century of the ideology of art for art, which, however, was less concretized in the plastic arts than in literature and music.
Art schools and academies were dedicated to the teaching of the fine arts. Museums, which often originate from private foundations, are tasked with caring for the artistic heritage of the past and preserving important testimonies of contemporary art. They make paintings, sculptures, graphics and artistic craftsmanship accessible to the public in an orderly manner, carry out the necessary restorations and often organize special and itinerant exhibitions. Monument maintenance services take care of the conservation of unmovable historical monuments. Public art conservation services also contract with famous artists, impart knowledge in youth and adult education, publish publications and exchange scholarships, scientific research results and collections abroad.
Local art associations, which, guided by private foundations and public subsidies, devote themselves essentially to exhibitions and conferences, have occupied since the 18th century an important place in the conservation and promotion of art.
Art critics inform the public about contemporary art events and issues in the form of evaluative criticism. They do not merely comment on exhibitions and similar events, but exercise an artistic pedagogy. The International Association of Art Critics has since 1948 been the international organization that encompasses all associations of critics.
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