What is Art:
Art is the human activity linked to aesthetic manifestations, made by artists based on perception , emotions and ideas , in order to stimulate this interest of consciousness in one or more spectators, and each work of art has a unique and different meaning.
Art is linked to aesthetics because it is considered a faculty or act whereby, by working a matter, image or sound, man creates beauty by striving to give expression to the material or immaterial world that inspires him. In the history of philosophy an attempt has been made to define art as intuition, expression, projection, sublimation, evasion, etc. Aristotle has defined art as an imitation of reality, but Bergson or Proust see it as the exacerbation of the atypical condition inherent in reality. Kant considers art to be a manifestation that produces “disinterested satisfaction.”
According to Romanticism, Vitalism, Phenomenology, Marxism, other and new interpretations of “art” also emerge. The difficulty of defining art lies in its direct relation and dependence with the historical and cultural conjuncture that make it appear. This is because when a style is created and stabilized, it breaks with established systems and codes.
Art is a Latin term, meaning technique / skill. The definition of art varies according to the time and culture, being rock art, handicraft, art of science, religion and technology. Today, art is used as the artistic activity or the product of artistic activity. Art is a human creation with aesthetic values, such as beauty, balance, harmony, which represent a set of procedures used to perform works.
For primitive peoples, art, religion, and science went together in the picture, and originally art could be understood as the product or process in which knowledge is used to realize certain skills. For the Greeks, there was the art of make sculptures, paintings, shoes or ships.
Art is a reflection of the human being and often represents his social condition and essence of being thinking.
Art history consists of a science that studies artistic movements, changes in aesthetic appreciation, works of art and artists. This analysis is made according to the social, political and religious aspects of the time under study. Several other sciences help art history, such as numismatics, paleography, history, archeology, etc.
Through the history of art it is possible to learn a little about the human being through the evolution of the various expressions and artistic manifestations.
Art is presented in various ways such as plastic, music, sculpture, cinema, theater, dance, architecture, etc. There are several expressions that serve to describe different manifestations of art, for example: fine arts , performing arts, graphic art or graphic design, drawing, visual arts etc.
Some authors (such as Hegel and Ricciotto Canudo) and thinkers organized the different arts into a numbered list. The inclusion of some art forms was not very consensual, but with the evolution of technology, this is the most common list these days:
1st Art – Music;
2nd Art – Dance / Choreography;
3rd Art – Painting;
4th Art – Sculpture / Architecture;
5th Art – Theater;
6th Art – Literature;
7th Art – Cinema;
8th Art – Photography;
9th Art – Comics;
10th Art – Computer and Video Games;
11th Art – Digital Art.
See also the meaning of Abstract Art.